The female climax has puzzled scientists and philosophers for hundreds of years, simply because a female orgasm is not connected to reproduction and is not always achieved by all women. So why do we orgasm?
Research by Elisabeth Lloyd, a professor of history and philosophy of science, might explain the evolutionary role of the female orgasm as well as its implications for sexual health.
Lloyd has claimed that the orgasm is a by-product of evolution. She states:
It appears as the reason that females don’t have orgasm with intercourse at a very high level has to do with the anatomy of the genitals,” Lloyd said. “If the clitoris is far away from the vaginal opening, then the woman does not tend to have orgasm with intercourse.”
Elisabeth has spent many years researching the female orgasm, from the anatomy of the clitoris to theoretical explanations of its evolutionary purpose. She went on to say:
The measurements are pretty clear, and they’re pretty predictive.”
Lloyd has examined statistical techniques of measuring genitalia and found methods on how to determine whether a woman achieved orgasm or not. Lloyd has given interviews in many women’s magazines and claims whether a woman orgasms through a form of penetration or not is nothing to do with the woman herself.
She’s not too religious, she’s not uptight and immature. There’s nothing wrong with her.”
Lloyd believes that the female orgasm developed as a by-product of a male orgasm which is a necessity for reproduction. In a male embryo the genitals form at around eight weeks and the same happens to females, but as a female orgasm is not necessary for reproduction our orgasm is the by product.
Lloyd also published a paper with Justin Garcia, associate director for research and education of the Kinsey Institute, on the rate of orgasm with sex of lesbian, bisexual and heterosexual women.
They studied 19 different sexual acts, included deep kissing, genital fondling, oral sex and penetration that occur in sex between heterosexual, gay and bisexual women. Lloyd continued:
This is the first paper that does a systematic study of the lesbian orgasm rate, and so this is a ground-breaking study that we did.”
Even as a graduate student Lloyd found that many studies on the female orgasm required more evidence. Her theory that the female orgasm was a by-product of a male’s orgasm had been suggested before. She says:
Only one theory had serious evidence supporting it, and that theory was rejected by most scientists in the field. My work resuscitated a theory that had fallen by the wayside.”
Lloyd plans to continue her studies on the female orgasm and is doing so through more surveys and investigations to further support her theory.